LGBT Rights: Frequently Asked Questions » LGBT Azerbaijan Gay.Az
LGBT Rights: Frequently Asked Questions
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LGBT Rights: Frequently Asked Questions

Азербайджан / society
What does LGBT mean?

The acronym LGBT stands for Lesbian, Gay Bisexual and Transgender. Although these terms have an increasing resonance around the world, different cultures may use other terms for individuals who form same-sex relationships and those who exhibit ambiguous gender identities (for example, Hijra, meti, lala, skesana, motsoalle, mitkhli, bunch , kawain, travesty, muxé, fa'afafine, torches, hamjensgara and two-spirits) (hijra, meti, lala, skesana, motsoalle, mithli, kuchu, kawein, travesty, muxé, fa'afafine, fakaleiti, hamjensgara and Two Spiritual) ... In the context of human rights, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people face both general and specific challenges. Intersex people (born with atypical sex characteristics) suffer from many of the same forms of human rights abuses as LGBT people, as outlined below.

What is “sexual orientation”?

Sexual orientation refers to a person's physical, romantic, and / or emotional attraction to other people. Everyone has a sexual orientation, which is an integral part of a person's identity. Gay men and lesbian women are attracted to people of the same sex as themselves. Heterosexuals (sometimes called straight)
(straight) are attracted to people of the opposite sex. Bisexual individuals may be attracted to people of the same or opposite sex. Sexual orientation is not linked to gender identity.

What is “gender identity”?

Gender identity reflects a deep inner sense of one's gender identity. A person's gender identity usually corresponds to the gender given to him at birth. For transgender people, there is a mismatch between their sense of their own gender and the gender given to them at birth. In some cases, their appearance, mannerisms and other external signs may conflict with public expectations of “normative” gender behavior.

What is “transgender”?

Transgender people (sometimes abbreviated as “trans”) is an umbrella term used to describe a wide range of identities, including transsexuals, people dressing up as the opposite sex (sometimes called transvestites), self-identifying “third sex” and others persons whose appearance and characteristics
perceived as atypical from a gender perspective. Trans women identify as females, but have been classified as male at birth. Trans men identify as males, but at birth were classified as female. Some transsexuals seek surgery or take hormones to align their bodies with their gender identity, while others do not.

What is intersex?

An intersex person is born with a genital anatomy, reproductive organs and / or chromosomal patterns that do not fit the definition of a typical male or female. This may be noticeable already at birth or manifest later in life. An intersex person can be identified as male or female, or neither. Intersex status is not related to sexual orientation or gender identity - intersex people have the same range of sexual orientation and gender identities as non-intersex people.

What are “homophobia” and “transphobia”?

Homophobia is the irrational fear, hatred or disgust experienced against lesbian, gay or bisexual people; transphobia refers to irrational fear, hatred, or disgust towards transsexuals. Since the concept of homophobia is widely known and understood, it is sometimes used in an all-encompassing sense to denote fear, hatred and disgust towards LGBT people in general.

What human rights violations are LGBT people exposed to?

LGBT people of all ages and in all regions of the world suffer from violations of their human rights. They are subject to physical abuse, kidnapping, rape and murder. In more than a third of the countries in the world, these individuals can be arrested and imprisoned (and executed in at least five countries) for engaging in private, consensual same-sex relationships. States often fail to adequately protect LGBT people from discriminatory treatment in the private sphere, including in the workplace, at home and in health care facilities. LGBT children and adolescents face bullying at school, may be kicked out of their own homes by their parents, forcibly placed in psychiatric institutions, or forced into marriage. Transgender people are often denied identity documents reflecting their preferred gender, without which they cannot work, travel, open a bank account or access services. Intersex children can undergo surgery and other interventions without the informed consent of themselves or their parents and, like adults, they are also vulnerable to violence and discrimination.

Is there a reason to criminalize homosexuality?

No. The criminalization of private sexual relations between consenting adults, whether same-sex or heterosexual relationships, is a violation of the right to privacy. Laws that criminalize consensual same-sex relationships are also discriminatory, and where they are enforced, the rights to freedom from arbitrary arrest and detention are violated. At least 76 countries have discriminatory laws that criminalize consensual private, same-sex relationships, and at least five countries carry the death penalty. In addition to violating fundamental rights, such criminalization can legitimize hostility towards LGBT people, creating fertile ground for violence and discrimination. It also hinders efforts to prevent the spread of HIV by deterring LGBT people from HIV testing and treatment for fear of criminal charges.

Do LGBT people live only in Western countries?

No. LGBT people are everywhere, in all countries, among all ethnic groups, at all socio-economic levels and in all communities. Claims that same-sex attraction is a Western tradition are not true. However, much of the criminal law currently used to punish LGBT people is of Western origin. In most cases, these laws were imposed on the respective countries in the 19th century by the colonial powers of that time.

Have LGBT people always existed?

Yes. LGBT people have always been part of our communities. There are examples for every locality and every period, from prehistoric cave paintings in South Africa and Egypt to ancient Indian texts on medicine and literature of the early Ottoman Empire. Many societies have traditionally been open to LGBT people, including several Asian societies that traditionally recognize the "third gender."

Is it possible to change a person's sexual orientation or gender identity?

No. A person's sexual orientation and / or gender identity cannot be changed. What needs to change is the negative attitudes of society that stigmatize LGBT people and promote violence and discrimination against them. Attempts to change a person's sexual orientation are often linked to human rights violations and cause serious injury. Examples include compulsory psychiatric treatment to “cure” (that is) people of same-sex attraction, and so-called “corrective” rape of lesbians with the stated purpose of “making them straight”.

Is the well-being of children threatened by being around LGBT people or having access to age-appropriate information about homosexuality?

No. Receiving information about LGBT people or staying with them for a long time does not affect the sexual orientation or gender identity of minors and cannot harm their well-being. On the contrary, it is vital that all young people have access to age-appropriate sex education so that they have healthy, respectful physical relationships and can protect themselves from sexually transmitted infections. Deprivation
access to such information contributes to stigma and can lead to exclusion and depression among LGBT young people, leading some to drop out of school and contribute to higher suicide rates.

Are gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people dangerous to children?

No. There is no connection between homosexuality and any form of child abuse. LGBT people around the world are capable of being good parents, teachers and role models for young people. Portrayal of LGBT people as pedophiles or dangerous to children is in no way true, offensive and distracting from the need to take serious and appropriate measures to protect all children, including those who are trying to come to terms with their sexual orientation and gender identity.

Do international legal norms apply to LGBT people?

Yes, they apply to every person. International human rights law imposes legal obligations on states to ensure that all people, without distinction, can exercise their human rights. Sexual orientation or gender identity is as much a status trait as race, gender, skin color, or religion. United Nations human rights experts have confirmed that international law prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity.

Is it possible to justify depriving LGBT people of their human rights on the basis of religion, culture or tradition?

No. Human rights are universal - everyone has the right to equal rights regardless of who he is or where he lives. While history, culture and religion play an important role in creating a particular context, all states, regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems, have a legal obligation to promote and protect the human rights of all people.

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